Details About Social Movements of Indian history download pdf

Last updated on December 7, 2023

 

Details About Social Movements

 

Movement/
Organisation
Year Place Founder Objectives
Brahmo Samaj (earlier Atmiya Sabha) 1828 Calcutta Raja Ram Mohan Roy Propagated monotheism, opposed incarnation, sacrifr- ices, existence of priests, idolatry, superstition and sati practices, Sought for reforms in Hindu society.
Young Bengal (1826-1831) Calcutta Henry Louis Vivian Derozio Opposed the vices in society, believed in truth, freedom and reason
Dharma Sabha 1830 Calcutta Radha Kanta Deva Opssposed to liberal
and radical reforms, including Sati.
Namdhari/ Kuka Movement 1841-1871 N.W.F. Pro- vince Bhai Balak Singh and Baba Ram Singh A politico-religious movement of the Sikhs
Rahanumai
Mazdayasan
Sabha
1851 Bombay S.S. Bangali, Dadabhai Naoroji Naoroji Furdonji, J.B. Nacha, etc. Founded for the restoration of Zoro- astrian religion to its pristine glory and social regeneration of the Parsi community through modern education and emancipation of women.
Radha Swami Satsang 1861 Agra Tulsi Ram also known as Shiv Dayal Saheb Belief in one Supr- me Being, religious unity, emphasis on simplicity of social life and social service.
Prarthana
Samaj
1867 Bombay Atmaram Pandurang Govind Ranade Worship and reform of society through emphasis on monotheism, uplift of women and abolition of caste discrimination.
Indian Reform Association 1870 Calcutta Keshab Chandra Sen To create public opinion against child marriages and for legalising the Brahmo form of civil marriage. To promote the intellectual and social status of Indian women.
The Theosop- hical Society 1875 New York (In India Adyar, Madras) Madam H.P. Blavatsky, Col. H.S. Olcott (In India-Annie Besant) Drew inspiration from Upanishads, Philosophy of the Vedanta, etc to aim at religious revival and social reform.
Deccan
Education
Society
1884 Pune M.G. Ranade, V. G. Chib- donkar, G. G. Agarkar, etc. To contribute to the cause of education and culture in Western India. The Society founded the Ferguson College, Pune in 1885.
Seva Sadan 1885 Bombay Behramji M. Malabari Campaign against child marriages and enforced widowhood and care for socially exploited women.
Indian National Social Conference 1887 Bombay M.G. Ranade and Raghunath Rao To focus attention on matters relating to social reforms.
Deva Samaj 1887 Lahore Shiva Narain Agnihotri Religious ideas closer to Brahmo Samaj. Impressed upon its followers to follow social code of conduct and ethics, such as not to accept bribe, indulge in gambling, consume intoxicants and non-vegetarian food.
Madras Hindu Association 1892 Madras Viresalingam
Pantalu
A social purity movement concerned with the plight of widow and to combat the Devadasi System.
Ramakrishna
Mission
1897 Bengal Vivekananda Sought to revive Hinduism based on ancient India’s religious texts and concepts (eg. Vedanta, etc); against caste restrictions,
Bharat Dharma Mahamandala 1902 Varanasi Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya Orginisation of the orthodox Hindus,
The Servants of India Society 1905 Bombay Gopal Krishna Gokhale To work for social reforms and to train “national missionaries for the service of India”.
Poona Seva Sadan 1909 Pune G.K. Devadhar and Ramabai & Ranade Women Empowerment
Nishkam Karma 1910 Pune Dhondo Keshav Educational progress
Math Karve of women, improving widows condition. Founded
Social Service League 1911 Bombay Narayan Malhar Joshi Improving the con- tion of the common masses, opened schools and librar-

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