ESTABLISHMENT OF THE MUGHAL RULE
➮ Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur was the founder of the Mughal empire in India.
➮ Babur was the king of Farghana in Afghanistan.
➮ Taking advantage of the political conditions prevailing in India, Babur marched towards India.
➮ Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in first Battle of Panipat in 1526 A.D.
➮ Before the Battle of Panipat (1526 A.D.) Babur had made four expeditions to India.
➮ In has 1519 (first-Indian expedition) he used gun powder for the first time in India to storm fort of Bhira.
➮ Rana Sanga sent a message to Kabul, inviting him.
➮ 5th expedition in 1526 Battle of Panipat against Ibrahim Lodi, here used Rumi (ottoman) device and Tulugama tactics.
➮ In 1527 he defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in battle of Khanwa on the bank of river Piliakhar.
➮ In 1529 he defeated Ibrahim Lodi’s younger brother, Mahmud Lodi in battle of Ghaghara.
➮ His Indian empire extended from the Himalayas in north to Gwalior in South and from Khyber pass in west to border of Bengal in east.