Famous Spoken Languages of India

Last updated on December 7, 2023

Famous Spoken Languages of India

Assamese It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Assam.
Bengali It is one of the leading Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of West Bengal.
Gujarati It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Gujarat.
Hindi The largest spoken Indo-Aryan language. It is the official language of the Government of India. Various dialects of Hindi are Khariboli, Brajbhasha, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri. In 6 states and UTs, Hindi is the official language.
Kannada It belongs to the Dravidian family and is the official language of Karnataka.
Kashmiri It is an Indo-Aryan language. It is often mistaken as the official language of Jammu and Kashmir.
Konkani It is the official language of Goa and is spoken by thousands of Konkanis in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. It was added in 1992 by 71st Amendment. It is an Indo-Aryan language.
Malayalam Belong to the Dravidian family and is the official language of Kerala.
Manipuri It is the official language of Manipur. It was added in 1992 by 71st Amendment. It is a sino-Tibetan language.
Marathi It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Maharashtra.
Nepali It is spoken in parts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, etc. It was added in 1992 by 71st Amendment. It is an Indo-Aryan language.
Odia It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Odisha.
Punjabi It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Punjab.
Sanskrit It is one of the earliest languages of the world. Early Sanskrit is known as Vedic Sanskrit and covers the period between 2000 and 500 BC.
Sindhi It is an Indo-Aryan language. It was added in 1967 by 21st Amendment.
Tamil It is the oldest of the Dravidian languages and is the official language of Tamil Nadu.
Telugu It is numerically the biggest of the Dravidian languages and is the official language of Andhra Pradesh.
Urdu It is the official language of Jammu and Kashmir. It is an Indo-Aryan language. Modern Urdu developed due to the efforts of Sir Sayyed Ahmed Khan (1817-1898).
Dogri It is generally spoken in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu. It is a combination of ancient Sanskrit and Pahari Dogri languages. It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003.
Maithili It is chiefly spoken in the Maithilianchal region of Bihar. It is the second state language of Bihar. It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003.
Santhali It is chiefly spoken in the area of Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand and Bihar. It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003.
Bodo It is chiefly spoken in Assam and its adjoining North-East States. It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003. It belongs to the Sino-Tibetan family of languages.

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