List of Viceroys Of India – Free pdf download

Last updated on December 7, 2023

List of Viceroys Of India – Free pdf download

VICEROYS OF INDIA
Lord Canning (1858-1862)

● Passed the Act of 1858, which ended the rule of the East India Company.
● Withdrew Doctrine of Lapse.
● The Indian Councils Act of 1861 was passed, which proved to be a landmark in the constitutional history of India.
● The Indian Penal Code of Criminal Procedure (1859) was passed.
● The Indian High Court Act (1861) was enacted.
● Income Tax was introduced for the first time in 1858.
● ‘White Mutiny’ by European troops in 1859.

Lord Elgin-I (1862-1863)

● Suppressed Wahabi Movement.

Sir John Lawrence (1864-1868)
● High courts were established at Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras in 1865.
● Expanded canal works and railways.
● Bhutan War (1865).
● Advocated State-managed railways.
● Created the Indian Forests Department and reorganized the native judicial service.

Lord Mayo (1869-1872)
● He established the Rajkot College at Kathiawar and Mayo College at Ajmer for the Indian princes.
● He organized the Statistical Survey of India.
● He established the Department of Agriculture and Commerce.
● He was the only Viceroy to be murdered in office by a convict in the Andamans in 1872.

Lord Northbrook (1872-1876)
● Kuka rebellion in Punjab (1872)
● Famine in Bihar (1874)
● Visit of Prince of Wales in 1875.
● Resigned over Afghanistan Question.

Lord Lytton (1876-1880)
● Most unpopular Viceroy.
● Pursued free trade and abolished duties on 29 British manufactured goods which accelerated the drain of India.
● Arranged the Grand Darbar in Delhi (in 1877) when the country was suffering from a severe famine.
● Passed the Royal Title Act (1876) and Queen Victoria was declared as the Kaiser- Hind.
● Arms Act (1878) made it mandatory for Indians to acquire licenses for arms.
● Passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act (1878).
● The Second Afghan War (1878-80)

Lord Rippon (1880-1884)
● Repeal of the Vernacular Press Act, 1882.
● The first Factory Act, 1881 to improve labor conditions.
● Resolution on Local Self Government in 1882.
● Resolution on Land Revenue Policy ● Appointed Hunter commission (for education reform) in 1882.
● The Albert Bill controversy erupted during his time.

Lord Dufferin (1884-1888)
● Third Burmese War
● Annexation of Burma (1885)
● Congress founded in 1885
● Bengal Tenancy Act (1885)

Lord Lansdowne (1888-1894)
● The Factory Act of 1891.
● Categorization of Civil Services into imperial, provincial, and subordinate.
● Indian Council Act of 1892 (Introduced elections which were indirect).
● Appointment of the Durand Commission to define the Durand line between then India and Afghanistan.

Lord Elgin-II (1894-1899)
● The Santhal uprising of 1899.
● The convention delimiting the frontier between China and India was ratified.
● The great famine of 1896-1897.
● Lyall Commission was appointed after the famine.
● The assassination of two British officials by the Chapekar brothers in 1897.

Lord Curzon (1899-1905)
● Appointed a Police Commission in 1902 under Andrew Frazer.
● Set up the Universities Commission and accordingly the Indian Universities Act of 1904 was passed.
● Set up the Department of Commerce and Industry.
● Calcutta Corporation Act (1899).
● Passed the Indian Coinage and Paper Currency Act (in 1899) and put India on a gold standard.
● Partition of Bengal took place in 1905
● Introduced Ancient Monuments Preservation Act (1904)

Lord Minto-II (1905-1910)
● Swadeshi Movement.
● Foundation of the Muslim League, 1906.
● Surat session and split in the Congress (1907).
● Newspapers Act, 1908.
● Morely-Minto Reforms, 1909.

Lord Hardinge-II (1910-1916)
● Annulment of the partition of Bengal.
● Transfer of capital from Calcutta to Delhi.
● Durbar in Delhi and Coronation of George-V and Queen.
● Establishment of Hindu Mahasabha by Madan Mohan Malviya, 1915.

Lord Chelmsford (1916-1921)
● Lucknow Pact in 1916 between Congress and Muslim League.
● The arrival of Gandhi, and Champaran Satyagraha in 1917.
● Formation of Home Rule Leagues by Annie Besant and Tilak (1956)
● Montague’s August Declaration (1917).
● Saddler Commission of Education in 1917.
● Kheda Satyagraha and Satyagraha at Ahmedabad in 1918.
● Government of India Act (1919).
● Constitutional Reform of 1919.
● Repressive Rowlatt Act (1919).
● Massacre at Jalianwala Bagh (1919).
● Khilafat Movement.
● Non-Cooperation Movement.
● Appointment of S.P. Sinha as governor of Bihar (the first Indian to become a governor).

Lord Reading (1921-1926)
● Repeal of Press Act (1910) and Rowlatt Act of 1919.
● Chauri-Chaura incident.
● Voilent Moplah rebellion in Kerala (1921)
● CPI was founded in 1921.
● The decision to hold simultaneous examinations for the ICS both in Delhi and London, with effect from 1923.
● RSS was founded in 1925.
● Kakori robbery in 1925.

Lord Irwin (1926-1931)
● Simon Commission was announced in 1927.
● Butler Commission in 1927.
● All India Youth Congress, 1928
● Nehru Report, 1928.
● Murder of Saunders by Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Chandrashekhar Azad (1928)
● Bomb blast in Assembly Hall of Delhi (1929) by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt.
● Lahore session of the Congress and Poorna Swaraj declaration.
● Civil Disobedience Movement 1930.
● Dandi March (March 12th, 1930).
● 1st Round Table Conference, 1930.
● Gandhi-Irwin Pact, March 5, 1931.
● Civil Disobedience Movement.

Lord Willingdon (1931-1936)
● Second Round Table Conference in September 1931.
● Announcement of Communal Award (1932).
● ‘Fast unto death’ by Gandhi in Yerwada prison, broken after the Poona Pact (1932)
● Third Round Table Conference, 1932.
● Foundation of Congress Socialist Party, 1934.
● Government of India Act, 1935.
● Burma separated from India, in 1935.
● All India Kisan Sabha 1936.

Lord Linlithgow (1936-1944)
● 1st General Election (1936-h 1937).
● Congress ministries in 1937 and the resignation of Congress ministries in 1939.
● The outbreak of the Second World War (1939).
● Forward Block was founded in 1939.
● Deliverance day by Muslim League
● August offer, 1940, Lahore Resolution, 1940.
● Cripps Mission, 1942.
● Quit India Movement, 1942.

Lord Wavell (1944-1947)
● CR Formula 1944.
● Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference in 1945.
● End of 2nd World War in 1945.
● INA Trials and the Naval mutiny in 1946.
● Cabinet Mission, 1946 and acceptance of its proposals by Congress.
● Observance of ‘Direct Action Day’ (August 16, 1946) by Muslim League.
● Formation of Interim Government by the congress (September 1946)

Lord Mountbatten (1947-1948)
● Announced the 3 June 1947 Plan.
● Introduction of Indian Independence Bill in the House of Commons.
● Appointment of Two boundary commissions under Sir Cyril Radcliffe.
● Last British Viceroy of British India.
● First Governor-General of Free India.

C. Rajagopalachari (1948-1950)
● Only Indian Governor General
● Last Governor-General of free India.

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