Lower Caste Movements and Organisations Free pdf

Last updated on December 7, 2023

LOWER CASTE MOVEMENTS AND ORGANISATIONS

 

Movement/
Organisation
Year Place Founder Objectives
Satya Shodhak Samaj 1873 Mahara
shtra
Jyotiba Phule Opposed to untouchability, Priestly of Brahmin domination, belief in social equality and uplift of the lower castes by educating them.
Aravippuram
Movement
1888 Aravip-puram, Kerala Shri Narayan Guru (18561928) Opposed to religious disabilities against lower castes, believed in social equality, attacked Brahmin of lower castes by educating them. Demanded free entry of the people of lower castes to the temples.
Shri Narayan Dharma 1902-03 Kerala Shir Narayan launched the temple entry movement.
Paripalana Yogam or S.N.D.P. Movement The Depressed 1906 Bombay and Kumaran Asan
V.R. Shinde
Class Mission Society
Bahujan Samaj
1910 Satara, Mukund Rao Opposed to the exploitation of the lower castes by the upper caste Brahmins, landlords, merchants and moneylenders.
Justice (Party) Movement 1915-16 Mahara
shtra
Madras,
Patil
C.N. Mudaliyar
A movement of the intermediate castes.
Depressed Cla- sses Welfare Institute (Bahis- kirt Hitkarini Sabha 1924 Bombay P. Tyagaraja Chetti
Dr. B. R.
Opposed to Brahmin predominance in education, service and politics.
Self-Respect Movement 1925 Madras Ambedkar E. V. Rama- swami Naicker Demanded constitutional safeguards for the depressed classes.
Anti-Brahmin and
(Tamilnadu) Hindu orthhodoxy radical movement, which advocated wedding without priests, forcible temple entry, total defiance of Hindu social laws and also theism at times.
Harijan Sevak Sangh 1932 Pune ‘Periyar’
Mahatma Gandhi
An all-India organi- sation for the removal of untouch- ability and all social discriminations against untouchables and other lower castes. To provide medical, educational and technical facilities to untouchables.
Faqir Uprising 1776
1777
Majnum Shah, Devi Chaudhrani Bengal Nil
Sanyasi
Uprising
1770
1820
Bengal The immediate cause was the restrictions imposed upon pilgrims visiting holy places.
Pagal Panthis 1825-50 Tipu Shah, Karam Shah North
East
Resentment of peasants against oppression of Zamin- dars
Wahabi Movement 1820- Syyaid Ahmed of Rae Bareli North West, Central
India
To revive and rest- ore Muslim power in India by overthrowing the Sikhs and the British
Kuka Revolt 1860
1870
Jawahar Mal, Ram Singh Punjab In about 1840, its aim was to purify the sikh religion, after the conquest of Pujab by the British. The revival of Sikh sovereignty become their chief programme.
Ramosi
Uprising
1822
1825
Chittur Singh Satara In protest against heavy assessment of land revenue and very harsh methods of its collection. In 18251826 again rose in rebellion on account of acute famines and scarcity in Pune.
Gadkari
Uprising
1844 Kolhapur Against arbitrary methods of land revenue collection and then dismissal from service.
Sawantwadi
Revolt
1844 Phond Sawant, Anna Sahib Appointment of a British administrator. To drive away the British. The revolt later transformed into a popular movement.
Revolt of Velu Thampi 1808
1809
Velu Thampi Travancore Against the British attempts to remove the Dewan-ship and the heavy burden imposed on the state through the subsidiary Alliance system.

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