LOWER CASTE MOVEMENTS AND ORGANISATIONS
|Satya Shodhak Samaj
|Opposed to untouchability, Priestly of Brahmin domination, belief in social equality and uplift of the lower castes by educating them.
|Shri Narayan Guru (18561928)
|Opposed to religious disabilities against lower castes, believed in social equality, attacked Brahmin of lower castes by educating them. Demanded free entry of the people of lower castes to the temples.
|Shri Narayan Dharma
|launched the temple entry movement.
|Paripalana Yogam or S.N.D.P. Movement The Depressed
|and Kumaran Asan
|Class Mission Society
|Opposed to the exploitation of the lower castes by the upper caste Brahmins, landlords, merchants and moneylenders.
|Justice (Party) Movement
|A movement of the intermediate castes.
|Depressed Cla- sses Welfare Institute (Bahis- kirt Hitkarini Sabha
|P. Tyagaraja Chetti
Dr. B. R.
|Opposed to Brahmin predominance in education, service and politics.
|Ambedkar E. V. Rama- swami Naicker
|Demanded constitutional safeguards for the depressed classes.
|Hindu orthhodoxy radical movement, which advocated wedding without priests, forcible temple entry, total defiance of Hindu social laws and also theism at times.
|Harijan Sevak Sangh
|An all-India organi- sation for the removal of untouch- ability and all social discriminations against untouchables and other lower castes. To provide medical, educational and technical facilities to untouchables.
|Majnum Shah, Devi Chaudhrani
|The immediate cause was the restrictions imposed upon pilgrims visiting holy places.
|Tipu Shah, Karam Shah
|Resentment of peasants against oppression of Zamin- dars
|Syyaid Ahmed of Rae Bareli
|North West, Central
|To revive and rest- ore Muslim power in India by overthrowing the Sikhs and the British
|Jawahar Mal, Ram Singh
|In about 1840, its aim was to purify the sikh religion, after the conquest of Pujab by the British. The revival of Sikh sovereignty become their chief programme.
|In protest against heavy assessment of land revenue and very harsh methods of its collection. In 18251826 again rose in rebellion on account of acute famines and scarcity in Pune.
|Against arbitrary methods of land revenue collection and then dismissal from service.
|Phond Sawant, Anna Sahib
|Appointment of a British administrator. To drive away the British. The revolt later transformed into a popular movement.
|Revolt of Velu Thampi
|Against the British attempts to remove the Dewan-ship and the heavy burden imposed on the state through the subsidiary Alliance system.