RISE OF MAHAJANAPADAS
➮ The Buddhist text Anguttara Nikaya gives the list of sixteen Mahajanapadas at the time of Buddha.
➮ These Mahajanapadas extended from Northwestern Pakistan to east Bihar and from the Himalayas to the river Godavari.
Mahajanapada Capital Area
|Anga||Champa||Bhagalpur, Munger (Bihar)|
|Magadha||Rajgriha||Patna, Gaya (Bihar)|
|Kosal||Saketa, Sravasti||Eastern Uttar Pradesh|
|Vajji (Ganasangha)||Vaishali||Muzaffarpur (Bihar)|
|Kuru||Indraprastha||Meerut Delhi region|
|Panchal||Ahicchatra, Kampilya||Western U.P.|
|Asmak||Paithan||Godhavari area (M.H.)|
|Avanti||Ujjain, Mahishmati||Malwa region|
➮ Kashi was famous for its cotton textiles and market for horses.
➮ Champa was noted for its trade and Commerce.
➮ Vajji represented a confederacy of eight clans.
➮ The Buddha died in the vicinity of Kusinara.
➮ The Northern Panchalas had their capital at Ahicchatra.
➮ The Southern Panchalas had their Capital at Kampilya.
➮ Viratnagar was used as the hiding place by Pandavas.
➮ Mathura was located at the junction of two famous trade routes i.e. Uttrapatha and Dakshinapatha.
➮ The Kambojas were regarded as uncultured by the Brahmanical texts.
➮ The Buddha calls himself Kosalan in the Majjhima Nikaya.
➮ Kashi had emerged as a cloth manufacturing center by the time of Buddha.