Rise of Mahajanapada in Indian history – OPSC Exam

Last updated on December 7, 2023

RISE OF MAHAJANAPADAS

➮ The Buddhist text Anguttara Nikaya gives the list of sixteen Mahajanapadas at the time of Buddha.
➮ These Mahajanapadas extended from Northwestern Pakistan to east Bihar and from the Himalayas to the river Godavari.

 Mahajanapada Capital Area

Mahajanapada Capital Area
Anga Champa Bhagalpur, Munger (Bihar)
Magadha Rajgriha Patna, Gaya (Bihar)
Kasi Varanasi Near Varanasi
Kosal Saketa, Sravasti Eastern Uttar Pradesh
Vajji (Ganasangha) Vaishali Muzaffarpur (Bihar)
Malla Kusinara/Pava Gorakhpur (U.P.)
Chedi Suktimati Bundelkhand (U.P.)
Vatsa Kaushambi Allahabad (U.P.)
Kuru Indraprastha Meerut Delhi region
Panchal Ahicchatra, Kampilya Western U.P.
Sursena Mathura Mathura (U.P.)
Gandhar Taxila Peshawar (Pakistan)
Kamboja Rajpura Near Gandhar
Asmak Paithan Godhavari area (M.H.)
Avanti Ujjain, Mahishmati Malwa region
Matsya Viratnagar Near Jaipur

➮ Kashi was famous for its cotton textiles and market for horses.
➮ Champa was noted for its trade and Commerce.
➮ Vajji represented a confederacy of eight clans.
➮ The Buddha died in the vicinity of Kusinara.
➮ The Northern Panchalas had their capital at Ahicchatra.
➮ The Southern Panchalas had their Capital at Kampilya.
➮ Viratnagar was used as the hiding place by Pandavas.
➮ Mathura was located at the junction of two famous trade routes i.e. Uttrapatha and Dakshinapatha.
➮ The Kambojas were regarded as uncultured by the Brahmanical texts.
➮ The Buddha calls himself Kosalan in the Majjhima Nikaya.
➮ Kashi had emerged as a cloth manufacturing center by the time of Buddha.

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