AURANGZEB (1658-1707 A.D.)
➮ Aurangzeb’s full name was Muihiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb.
➮ Aurangzeb was the third son of Mumtaz Mahal.
➮ Aurangzeb had to fight war of succession to gain the throne.
➮ He took the title of ‘Alamgir’ in 1659.
➮ He was called as Zinda Pir, the living saint.
➮ In 1662, Mir Jumla, Aurangzeb’s ablest general led the expedition against Ahoms.
➮ He forbade inscription of Kalma on the coins.
➮ He ended the celebration of Navroz festival.
➮ Mutasib (regulator of moral conduct) were appointed.
➮ He ended Jharokha darshan, use of almanacs and weighing of the emperor.
➮ Jaziya was re-introduced.
➮ Built Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque) in Red Fort of Delhi.
➮ The proportion of Hindus mansabdars was highest in Aurangzeb’s reign.
➮ Aurangzeb ordered the arrest and execution of the ninth Sikh Guru Teg Bahadur in AD 1675.
➮ Guru Govind Singh wrote letters to Aurangzeb, their collection is called Zafarnama.
➮ Shambhaji (son of Shivaji) was captured at Sanghameshwar (1689) and executed.
➮ Bijapur (1686) and Golconda (1687) were annexed.
➮ His tomb is located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra.
➮ Expert Vina player.
➮ Banned singing in court, but allowed Royal Band (Naubat).
➮ Restarted Pilgrim tax.
➮ Disallowed cultivation of Hemp (Bhang).
➮ In 1669, Jats under Gokla revolted.
➮ In 1672, Satnamis, nick-named Mundiya Sadhus, founded by Birbhan near Narnaul revolted.
➮ In 1685, second Jat rebellion under Raja Ram and his successor Churaman.
➮ In 1667, Yusufzai tribe of Afghans, under the Raushanai movement led by Bhagu rebelled.
➮ In 1672, second Afghan rebellion by the Afridi tribe led by Akmal Khan.