JAHANGIR (1605-1627 A.D.)
➮ Jahangir was born at Lahore in 1569 A.D.
➮ He established Zanjir-i-Adal at Agra Fort for the seekers of royal justice.
➮ Jahangir also married Jodha Bai of Marwar, and a Kachchwaha princes.
➮ His son Khusrau, who received patronage of Guru Arjun Dev, revolted agaisnt Jahangir. The fifth Sikh Guru Arjun Dev was later sentenced to death for his blessings to the rebel prince.
➮ Khurram (Shahjahan) supported by his father-in-law, Asaf Khan, also revolted against Jahangir but the two soon reconciled.
➮ His military general, Mahabat Khan revolted and abducted him but Nurjahan saved him due to her diplomatic efforts.
➮ He was well read and wrote his memories Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri in Persian.
➮ Jahangir’s sons-Khusrau Parvez Khurram, Shahryar and Jahandar.
➮ James-I sent captain Hawkins and Sir Thoams Roe to Jahangir’s court to get concession in trade for English.
➮ Laid many gardens, like Shalimar Bagh in Kashmir.
➮ Jahangir built a mosque in Lahore, Itmaduddaula’s tomb in Agra (first building to have Peutra Deura), completed Akbar’s tomb in Sikandara.
➮ During Jahangir, Mughal painting was on climax.
➮ Portrait painting and paintings of animals & birds started. Mansur was expert in this style.
➮ Introduced Du-Aspa and Sih-Aspa systems in Mansabdari system.
➮ Jahangir met Nur Jahan on Nauroz (new years day) in Mina Bazar of Agra, married her in 1611. In 1613 Nur Jahan was made Padshah Begum (the first lady).
➮ Farmans had signature and coins were struck in her name.
➮ Khusrau was blinded and in 1620 he was killed on the orders of Khurram at Burhanpur.
➮ John Hawkins resided at Agra for two years (1609-1611). He was given the mansab of 400.
➮ Sir Thomas Roe (1615-1618) was ambassador of James-I.
➮ Jahangir was buried at Shahadara near Lahore.
➮ The famous Italian traveller Pietro Valle came during his reign.