The Mughal Empire Sahajahan (1628-1657 A.D.) Indian History Notes

Last updated on December 7, 2023

SHAHJAHAN (1628-1657 A.D.)

➮ Shahjahan was born at Lahore in 1592 A.D.
➮ Shahjahan’s childhood name was Khurram.
➮ Shahjahan was born to Jagat Gosain, daughter of Mota Raja Udai Singh of Jodhpur.
➮ In 1612 Shahjahan married Arzumand Banu Begum who became famous as Mumtaz Mahal.
➮ Champat Rai of Mahoba also rebelled. His son Chhatrasal rebeled during Aurangzeb’s reign.
➮ In 1631 Mumtaj Mahal died during child birth at Burhanpur. She was first buried at Burhanpur but later transferred to Agra (Taj Mahal).
➮ Shah Jahan’s six children from Mumtaj Begum-Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Shah Shuja, Roshan Ara Begum, Aurangzeb (born at Daulatabad) and Murad Baksh.
➮ Shah Jahan introduced 1/3, 1/ 4, 1/5 method in Mansabadari system. According to this a mansabdar had to keep horsemen 1/3, 1/4, 1/5 of his sawar rank.
➮ Built Taj Mahal in the sweet memory of Mumtaj Mahal in 1632-1654 of marbles (white).
➮ Built Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque) in Agra Fort.
➮ Built Jama Masjid and Red Fort of Delhi and laid foundation of Shahjahanabad (the 7th city of Delhi). These were made of red sandstone.
➮ Jagannath Pandit was the poet of his court.
➮ Shah Jahan was an expert musician and his voice was very melodious.
➮ Constructed Peacock throne (1628-1635).
➮ Attacked Hooghly against portuguese and captured it in 1632.
➮ Foreign travellers who visit his court were Bernier (France). Travernier (France) and Manucci (Italy).
➮ His period was the climax of Mughal architecture.

We help you throughout your preparation journey by daily live classes catering to all government exams like - OPSC, OSSC, OSSSC, OTET, CT, BED, Railway, SSC, Banking, and many more. Our Main Objective is Provide Quality Education For Student.

Previous Story

The Mughal Empire jahangir (1605-1627 A.D.)- History Notes

Next Story

The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (1658-1707 A.D.) Indian history

Go toTop